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Real Estate

Maitland Chambers is home to some of the leading property practitioners at the Bar. Our members of Chambers are prominent experts in all areas of property work (both litigious and transactional) including commercial and residential landlord and tenant, covenants and easements, highway and waterways, insolvency, land registration, mines and minerals, professional negligence, purchase and development of land and telecoms.

What sets Maitland apart is the number of members we can offer, as well as the multi-disciplinary skills they possess, covering further expertise in related areas such as company and insolvency (including CVAs), partnership/LLP, trusts, joint ventures and financial services law.

Members of Chambers often appear in the Court of Appeal and High Court for major institutional lenders, investors and developers (including national housebuilders and supermarket chains), as well as high net worth investors, businesses and individuals.

We advise on real estate issues arising out of disputes in overseas jurisdictions and act as advocates in real estate disputes in courts outside the UK and in domestic and international arbitration.

Chambers and its members are consistently highly ranked by both Chambers UK and Legal 500 in real estate litigation, as well as insolvency, commercial/chancery and financial services. Several of our members are ranked as a leading practitioner in real estate litigation and at least one other area. 

Some of our most recent noteworthy cases include:

  • Re Virgin Active Holdings Limited (property management and restructuring)
  • 89 Holland Park Management Ltd v Hicks (restrictive covenants)
  • EMI Group Ltd v Prudential Assurance Co Ltd (commercial landlord and tenant; AGAs)
  • Cornerstone Telecommunications Infrastructure Ltd v London & Quadrant Housing Trust (telecoms)

For further information regarding specific areas of our expertise in the field of Real Estate please see below.

Expertise

This is a core area of Maitland’s expertise in the real estate field. We have a deep and wide experience of all aspects of the issues that arise in commercial and residential disputes. Our approach is to analyse the technical aspects of an issue and offer pragmatic and commercial advice and representation.

In recent years, our strength in depth has allowed us to offer our services in covering established and original issues that have arisen from the challenging economic environment. We have been involved in leading cases in relation to:

  • recovery of rent as an expense of administration
  • liability for high value terminal dilapidations, and
  • liability under guarantees and the Landlord and Tenant (Covenants) Act 1995.

Just as ready to deal with matters in the County Court as the Supreme Court, our members frequently assist in all aspects of the recovery of the possession of land, from the largest industrial sites to the smallest residential dwelling.

We provide a rapid response to the needs of our clients. That often involves a quick turnaround of work, answering questions relating for example to the service of break notices, applications to alienate or the service of consultation notices in the context of service charges.

Large or small, every client, both professional and lay, receives the same level of service, scrupulous attention to detail and appreciation of the commercial realities of any dispute.

Commercial Landlord & Tenant

Business tenancies

Commercial landlord and tenant is a core area upon which we have a wealth of experience. Acting at all levels for the respective parties to legal disputes, arbitrations and mediations, we give practical and strategic advice whenever required upon the technicalities of contracting out, termination of the tenancy by statutory notice, the extent of the holding, grounds for opposing renewal, statutory compensation, length of new lease, market rent, the application of the Competition Act 1998 and the relationship of the statutory regime under Part II of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1954 with common law aspects of commercial landlord and tenant.

We well understand that a well-prepared negotiating stance and pro-active management of litigation and litigation timetables are strategic tools in securing the best result for our client. Our strength and depth of experience enables us to offer cost-effective, comprehensive and practical advice at leading and junior level on all aspects of commercial landlord and tenant disputes.

Residential Landlord & Tenant

We provide advice and representation to individual tenants and landlords of one-off properties, to large institutional landlords or tenants’ associations and organisations. We appear regularly in all Courts and Tribunals from the First-tier Tribunal and County Court up to the Supreme Court.

We represent and advise landlords and tenants in cases where rights under the Rent Act 1977 or the Housing Acts 1985 and 1988 arise, often in the context of development schemes.

Leasehold Enfranchisement & Long Leases

Our Chambers includes several leaders in the field of Leasehold Enfranchisement under the 1967 and 1993 Leasehold Reform Acts. We appear regularly for landlords, tenants, and nominee purchasers, and have acted in many of the leading recent cases taken to the Supreme Court and Court of Appeal. We are as comfortable with the complex mathematical aspects of valuation as we are with the factual and legal issues that arise.

We also regularly advise and act in relation to cases involving the Landlord and Tenant Act 1987.

Service Charges

We have expertise in and regularly appear in cases involving rights and liabilities under the Landlord and Tenant Act 1985, and we are as at home rolling our sleeves up to deal with complex factual disputes in the First-tier Tribunal as we are in higher courts and tribunals. A number of members have recently been involved in complex commercial service charge disputes.

We understand that such disputes are not always of significant value and our members’ fees in relation to such matters are designed to reflect this. 

In recent years, Maitland has both advised and represented clients of all sizes (from FTSE 100 quoted companies to small single-site ventures) in relation to all relevant steps in the property development process: from financing and site assembly (including advice on adverse third-party rights) through the interpretation and enforcement of purchase and building contracts, joint venture and overage agreements.

Our members have also been involved in some of the most recent and important cases in relation to adverse third-party rights over development land. These are all areas in which Maitland has particular and extensive expertise and experience.

The interpretation of contracts and provisions lies at the heart of much of the work that we do. That necessarily includes the consideration of questions of construction, but also the difficult area of rectification, both areas in which leading Maitland members have been involved in advising and representing clients in the recent past. Those contracts include those granting options and providing for overage and claw-back, creating joint ventures and those providing for the disposition and development of land.

Drawing on the strong cross-disciplinary abilities and experience of its barristers, we are often asked to advise on broader commercial disputes in the real estate sphere: that may involve the law of joint venture and partnerships (including LLPs), fiduciary duties (including commissions and secret profits) and related remedies including the obtaining of freezing injunctions.

Advice on and representation in relation to third party rights is one of the central features of our work, including;

  • Adverse rights and choice of remedies
  • Adverse Possession
  • Compensation under statutory schemes
  • Easements and other prescriptive rights
  • Restrictive covenants (including interpretation, enforcement, release and modification)
  • Rights of light

We are often asked to, and do, rapidly turn work around (often in relation to the obtaining of interim remedies), acknowledging and engaging with commercial realities and clients’ priorities.

Registration is a key area in which Maitland members specialise, dealing with claims under the Land Registration Act 2002 and the land registration system which preceded it.

Members also advise and represent clients in connection with claims concerning unregistered land and the interface with the registered system.

The areas with which we deal regularly include:

  • Adverse possession
  • Alteration or rectification of the register
  • Indemnity
  • Forged or other fraudulent dispositions
  • Overriding interests
  • Priorities and unprotected interests

Land registration issues can arise in self-contained litigation or as aspects in the many other areas in which Maitland members specialise including corporate or individual insolvency, landlord and tenant disputes, easements, restrictive covenants and priorities in legal charge and mortgage disputes. Our members can advise and represent clients across the landscape of issues that can arise. Members also have expertise in claims for the registration of a village green under the Commons Act 2006.

Members appear in the First Tier Tribunal (Property Chamber), the Upper Tribunal (Land Chamber) as well as in the Business and Property Courts in the High Court, the County Court and on appeal.

We have a long-established track record in professional negligence claims against particularly solicitors, surveyors, valuers and project monitors in both residential and commercial property transactions, including mortgage fraud.

We have been involved in leading cases in these areas at all judicial levels and in arbitrations.

We are instructed on behalf of, and act for, claimants or defendants and have considerable experience in advising upon, maintaining or defending claims for breach of contractual, tortious and fiduciary duties and proprietary remedies. We are also experienced in advising on discrete issues involving contributory negligence, contribution, limitation, causation, scope of duty, quantification of damages, and indemnity coverage.

In the context of real estate, professional negligence claims can arise in a range of diverse contexts, such as development, overage, option and pre-emption agreements, conveyancing, easements and restrictive covenants, imperfect securities, landlord and tenant and valuation. We have the in-depth experience to deal with the whole spectrum of real estate issues which arise in professional negligence claims.

We also have contributors to the leading practitioner texts in the field, such as Simpson on Professional Negligence and Liability, Flenley and Leech on The Law of Solicitors' Liability and Tomlinson and Grant on Lender Claims.

Property litigation frequently involves issues arising in corporate and individual insolvency. This was undoubtedly the case during and following the 2007-2008 crash, it is set to become the feature of the post- pandemic era.

Members of Chambers have expertise and experience not just in property litigation but also in insolvency and restructuring generally (see above) and so are well placed to provide the best advice and representation in these disputes which are set to increase even further. Issues can arise in administration claims as well as restructuring or restructuring plans, as well as winding up and bankruptcy. On occasions, we work with our specialist insolvency practitioners when the case demands it.

The specific areas of insolvency-related real estate litigation in which members advise and represent clients include

  • CVAs and challenges
  • Disclaimer
  • Forfeiture
  • Guarantors including AGAs and GAGAs
  • Possession claims against bankrupts and third party claimants
  • Restoring companies to the register
  • Restructuring under Part 26 and plans (convention and sanction) under Part 26A of the Companies Act 2006
  • Vesting orders

Our members have significant experience and expertise in the specialist field of telecommunications-related property disputes, advising and representing both operators and landowners.

This field has become increasingly important and contentious in recent years as the effect of the new Electronic Communications Code is worked out. It is likely to remain important for many years to come as mobile telecommunications operators upgrade their infrastructure to make it ready for 5G and beyond.

Under the old Electronic Communications Code, our members acted in many claims for the removal or lifting-and-shifting of apparatus.

Since the coming into force of the new Code, our members have appeared in some of the most significant cases in the Upper Tribunal (Cornerstone v London & Quadrant) and the Court of Appeal (Cornertone v Ashloch, On Tower UK Ltd v JH and FW Green Ltd) as well as being instructed on an application to intervene in the forthcoming appeal to the Supreme Court in Cornerston v Compton Beauchamp.

We also have experience of general litigation where the Electronic Communications Code forms the backdrop to the claim, e.g. PG Lewins Ltd v EE and H3G UK (no statutory immunity defence in claim to enforce a lift-and-shift agreement).

We have significant expertise in the issues which may arise in relation to the exploitation of natural resources, and the wider commercial utilisation of land.

By way of example, in recent years members of Chambers have acted in matters including:

  • Bocardo SA v Star Energy UK Onshore Ltd, including before the Supreme Court (ownership and possession of substrata and minerals at common law, approach to assessment of compensation under the Mines (Working Facilities and Support) Act 1966)
  • Tarmac Aggregates Ltd v Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd (mineral workings near railways, mining code)
  • Ineos PLC v National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty (compensation under the Mines (Working Facilities and Support) Act 1966 in relation to onshore oil exploitation)
  • Graham v Star Energy Group Ltd (storage of gas in worked natural reservoir)
  • A confidential arbitration concerning the operation and restoration of a quarry pursuant to leasehold covenants
  • A confidential arbitration alleging breach of leasehold covenants relating to the operation and restoration of a major landfill site

We are very familiar with advising on and litigating matters under the various relevant statutory schemes and the mining codes, including matters relating to compulsory purchase.

We have a wealth of experience in dealing with the issues which arise in practice concerning highways and waterways, both in the context of the development and commercial utilisation of land, and generally.

By way of example, in recent years members of Chambers have advised on and litigated issues and disputes including as to the extent of highway, alleged obstruction of highway, stopping up and diversion of highway, responsibility for repair of canal bridges, rights of discharge, responsibility for damage and liability for remediation works relating to flooding, and navigation rights.

recent Cases

Hicks v 89 Holland Park Management Limited [2021] EWHC 930 (Comm)

View case

Cornerstone Telecommunications Infrastructure Ltd v London & Quadrant Housing Trust (2020)

View case

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Related articles

Below are examples of related articles. To view all articles by members of Maitland Chambers, please click here

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